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Urban/Rural Differences in Juvenile Delinquency

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Abstract:

Most research finds that rural areas have lower crime rates than urban areas, though there is some evidence that these differences are diminishing, particularly for juvenile crime. I use data from the Monitoring the Future study (1976-2005) to examine patterns of delinquency for rural and urban high school seniors. I first identify time trends for delinquency by location, comparing metropolitan to non-metropolitan areas, as well as examining finer distinctions like small town, large city, or suburbs. As different types of delinquency may be more common in urban or rural areas, I examine patterns for each delinquent behavior separately, as well as a measure of overall delinquency. In addition to identifying rates of delinquency for urban and rural adolescents, I attempt to identify factors that account for these differing patterns. I focus primarily on time use, unstructured socializing, and routine activities theory for explanations of the urban/rural differences in delinquency. That is, I expect that levels of supervision and patterns of time use are different in urban and rural areas, and that this will account for some of the differences in rates of delinquency, as well as changes over time.
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Name: AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY
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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201361_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Briddell, Laine. "Urban/Rural Differences in Juvenile Delinquency" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201361_index.html>

APA Citation:

Briddell, L. O. , 2007-11-14 "Urban/Rural Differences in Juvenile Delinquency" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201361_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Most research finds that rural areas have lower crime rates than urban areas, though there is some evidence that these differences are diminishing, particularly for juvenile crime. I use data from the Monitoring the Future study (1976-2005) to examine patterns of delinquency for rural and urban high school seniors. I first identify time trends for delinquency by location, comparing metropolitan to non-metropolitan areas, as well as examining finer distinctions like small town, large city, or suburbs. As different types of delinquency may be more common in urban or rural areas, I examine patterns for each delinquent behavior separately, as well as a measure of overall delinquency. In addition to identifying rates of delinquency for urban and rural adolescents, I attempt to identify factors that account for these differing patterns. I focus primarily on time use, unstructured socializing, and routine activities theory for explanations of the urban/rural differences in delinquency. That is, I expect that levels of supervision and patterns of time use are different in urban and rural areas, and that this will account for some of the differences in rates of delinquency, as well as changes over time.

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