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2012 - ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 249 words || 
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1. Reichert, Frank. "Cognitive Politicization and Political Action: Pathways of Political Interest and Political Competence to Political Action" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 <Not Available>. 2017-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p562790_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Human behavior is only partly based on reflective thinking whereas many, especially cognitive less demanding activities may be initiated in a habitual way (e.g., Strack/Deutsch 2004). Since so called conventional political activities require more (not only cognitive) efforts (e.g., long-term obligation) than unconventional or electoral political participation which is mostly less binding and more event-related, it comes to mind that the latter are activated via an "affective" pathway while conventional action probably requires a reflective behavioral system. As political interest orders people's impulses (e.g., Herbart 1806) it should be a powerful predictor of unconventional and electoral political activity. For conventional participation, however, reflection and thus (subjective) political competence (i.e., internal political efficacy) might be necessary, possibly supplemented by political interest. This assumption is followed using an online panel sample of Turkish migrants in Germany, comparing it with a non-migrant sample. Therefore, multiple regression analyses are used and complemented by multivariate analyses employing more complex path models. For the migrant sample, results point to the overwhelming importance of political interest in the prediction of legal political activity. In regard to conventional political activity, both variables of cognitive politicization have only indirect effects that are mediated via readiness to participate in conventional political action. For non-migrants, however, readiness to participate has no predictive relevance. Adding to that, here subjective political competence seems to be of more predictive value than political interest. These (differing) patterns are confronted with each other, focusing on the importance of political action and societal integration of migrants.

2013 - ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 234 words || 
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2. Reichert, Frank. "Cognitive Politicization and Political Action: How Political Interest and Political Competence affect Political Action" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, IDC–Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel, Jul 04, 2013 <Not Available>. 2017-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p646093_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Human behavior is only partly based on reflective thinking whereas many activities might be initiated habitually. Since “conventional” political activities require more efforts than unconventional or electoral political participation, the latter might be activated via an “affective” pathway represented by political interest (Hypothesis I). In contrast, conventional action probably requires a reflective behavioral system. Subjective political competence (i.e., internal political efficacy) is thus hypothesized to be a necessary precondition to initiate conventional participation (Hypothesis II), possibly supplemented by political interest. Both assumptions are followed using an online panel sample of Turkish migrants in Germany, comparing it with non-migrants. Therefore, multiple regression analyses are used and complemented with complex path models and qualitative interviews. Regarding the Turkish migrants, first results support Hypothesis I and indicate the importance of political interest in predicting legal political activity (voting, conventional, and unconventional action). With regard to conventional action, preliminary analyses show partial evidence for Hypothesis II: both variables of cognitive politicization have indirect effects being mediated via readiness to participate in conventional political action. In contrast, for non-migrants subjective political competence seems to be of more predictive value than political interest. Yet there is limited evidence with regard to both hypotheses in the comparison sample. These differing patterns are going to be examined in more detail using a large sample from the German Longitudinal Election Study to discussing the importance of political action and societal integration of migrants.

2017 - AEJMC Pages: unavailable || Words: 10207 words || 
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3. Kwak, Nojin., Lane, Daniel., Weeks, Brian., Kim, Dam Hee., Lee, Slgi. and Bachleda, Sarah. "Does Social Media Matter?: How perceptions of political participation on social media can facilitate political expression and foster offline political participation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AEJMC, Chicago Marriott Downtown Magnificent Mile, Chicago, IL, Aug 09, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2017-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1282036_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Americans’ views of political activity on social media range from exuberant to exasperated. But does the way citizens perceive social media influence their online and offline political behaviors? While the popular narrative of “Slacktivism” suggests that perceiving social media as an easy and impactful way to engage in politics only leads individuals to disengage from traditional forms of political participation, a comprehensive empirical investigation has yet to be undertaken. In the present study, we propose and test a theoretical model in which perceiving social media as context for politics encourages individuals to express themselves on social media, which in turn increases the likelihood that they will participate offline. Our results demonstrate that perceiving social media as easy or impactful can indirectly increase offline political participation, through the influence of political expression on social media. Further, we highlight that this mediated path is stronger for older individuals and less impactful for younger individuals. We also find that those with predominantly politically like-minded networks are more likely to benefit from this process. The implications for reconceptualizing the relationship between perceptions and political participation in the context of social media are discussed.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 28 words || 
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4. Kerr, Megan. "Domestic Housewives vs. Women monarchs According to Shakespeare, Should Political Regimes Encourage Women to be Directly Involved in Political Affairs or to Refrain from Exerting Any Significant Political Influence?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2017-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p85675_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Some political philosophers argue that Shakespeare?s historical plays can be a "recognized source for the serious study of moral and political problems" and a setting for "philosophic reflection.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 29 words || 
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5. Huo, Jingjing. "Political Efficacy in Authoritarian and Democratic Taiwan: How Political Institutions Affect Political Efficacy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2017-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p85314_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper argues that political institutions from different regime types reward political participation at different stages of the policy process, leading to difference in the source of political efficacy.

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