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2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 18 pages || Words: 2707 words || 
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1. Gaughan, Monica. and Bozeman, Barry. "The Scientific and Technical Human Capital Construct: Impact on Scientific Career Outcomes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-01-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p108374_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We articulate a theory of scientific and technical human capital, and argue that it provides a way to understand differences between and among academic scientists. We use human, social, life course, and social network theory to argue that scientists vary in their individual science-related human and social endowments, and that this variation creates greater and lesser degrees of scientific capacity which are then brought to the individual’s career and, ultimately, to science itself. Because this form of capital is dynamic, it is both an input and a product of the scientific enterprise, continually evolving over the course of a scientist’s career. Using a nationally representative sample of academic scientists, we operationalize the S&T human capital construct, and demonstrate how it affects career outcomes of scientists.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 209 words || 
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2. Baskin, Deborah. and Sommers, Ira. "The Influence of Scientific and Non-Scientific Evidence on Plea Decisions for Violent Crimes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 15, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-01-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p515091_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The study focused on the influence of scientific and non-scientific evidence on plea decisions for violent crimes. The relationship of various forms of evidence to plea decisions was examined through logistic regression analyses that controlled for the likelihood of a case being charged by prosecutors. Models included forensic and non-forensic evidence variables as well measures of attorney type, victim and suspect relationship and interactions between gender and race/ethnicity. Models were estimated for three violent crimes: homicide, rape and robbery.
Of the respective cases, rape had the highest percent of pleas (73.2%), followed by robbery (54.0%) and homicide (37.9%). Few variables predicted plea decisions across the three crimes. With regard to homicide, the greater the number of victims the less likely the case had a plea deal. In addition, cases in which the victim was a black male were less likely to have a plea. In terms of rape, the likelihood of a plea increased if the victim received medical treatment for her injuries. Finally, the likelihood of a plea increased for robbery cases if victims provided information to the police. For all three violent crimes, all forensic evidence measures were not related significantly to the decision to plea a case.

2013 - Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention Words: 92 words || 
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3. Sommer, Vitezslav. "Science, Technology and Socialist Future: Czechoslovak 'Scientific and Technological Revolution' Between Marxist Theory and Social Scientific Expertise" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-01-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p654562_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The paper examines Czechoslovak conceptualization of “scientific and technological revolution” (STR) in the 1960s and 1970s. It deals with the rise of the STR project in the 1960s and its conceptual transformations after 1968. The main aim of the paper is to analyze relationships between theoretical examinations made by Czechoslovak STR scholars and social scientific expertise which was oriented towards policy needs of socialist governance. It deals with the influential current of Czechoslovak Marxist thought which interconnected Marxist theory with the empirical researches of modern societies and attempted to project socialist future.

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Words: 34 words || 
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4. Ishii, Atsushi. and Okubo, Ayako. "Path-Dependence and Paradigm Shift for Reconciling Scientific Controversy: The Learning Process and Effectiveness of Scientific Assessments in the Whaling Regime (1974-1994)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-01-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p310349_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Scientific assessments must continuously accommodate themselves through learning to the growing complexity caused by increasing demand for them to address multiple and interlinking problems and/or to provide advice to multiple international fora. This pap

2015 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 6856 words || 
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5. Carter, Shannon. and Reyes-Foster, Beatriz. "Scientific Mothering, Morality and Peer Milk Sharing: Milk Sharers' Responses to a Scientific Study" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Aug 20, 2015 Online <PDF>. 2019-01-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1006529_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A study published in the journal Pediatrics in 2013 found unsafe levels of bacteria in breast milk bought online. A host of media forums (e.g., newspapers, blogs, public radio) reported the corresponding conclusion that peer breast milk sharing is dangerous. This article presents results from an online survey distributed to women who share milk about their knowledge and opinions regarding the Pediatrics study. Approximately half of participants were aware of the study at the time of the survey. Qualitative evaluations of the study revealed that women who peer milk share used scientific language to question scientific authority, view the sale of milk as morally wrong, and at times expressed ambivalence about the practice itself. These findings suggest that while scientific mothering remains a strong archetype in contemporary mothering for mothers who milk share, the practice of milk sharing is heavily laden with symbolic meaning tied to discourses of purity, morality, and affect.

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