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2009 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 238 words || 
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1. Ueno, Nobuko. and Fujigaki, Yuko. "Close Connection between "Scientific Belief" and "Social Interests of Stakeholders": Case Study on the Controversy of Fish Intake in United States' Scientific Literature" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Hyatt Regency Crystal City, Crystal City, VA, Oct 28, 2009 <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p380321_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study investigated the scientific controversy in food safety regulation in the United
States, specifically the health risks and health benefits of Omega-3 fatty acids associated with fish
intake. The targeted literatures and social comments were selected via website survey and classified
according to three categories: literature published in scientific journals, reports summarized with
scientific data, and comments of critics on the targeted literatures and reports. This study analyzed
the contents of the literature and the comments regarding a variety of actors. It focused on the
research object, analysis item, and assertions made in the literature. By way of "frame analysis", the
social interest and the scientific knowledge supported by each actor were investigated. The results
show that: (1) there is conflict within different scientific disciplines regarding the issue;, (2) each
stakeholder advocates the scientific discipline on basis of their own social interests;, and, (3) multiple
safety standards are a key point of social dispute.
The contribution to the STS literature of this study is as below. One is novelty of
methodology of science controversy study between science and society by using framing
analysis of contents of scientific literature and social comments, and the other is clarification of
the mechanism of the conflict of the health risks and health benefits of Omega-3 fatty acids
associated with fish intake among scientific experts and social stakeholders.

Key words: Food safety regulation, Risk and benefit, Scientific belief, Social interest, Controversy
on literature

2010 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 223 words || 
Info
2. Ueno, Nobuko. and Fujigaki, Yuko. "Frame analysis of stakeholders in scientific controversies: The issue of fish intake within United States’ scientific literature" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Komaba I Campus, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Aug 25, 2010 <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p418904_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines the scientific controversy surrounding food safety regulation in the United States, specifically the dispute regarding health risks caused by carcinogenic chemicals, and the health benefits of Omega-3 fatty acids associated with fish intake, as presented in scientific literature. Using web searches, scientific literature and social commentary were selected, and then organized into three separate categories: (I) peer-reviewed articles, (II) research reports based on original scientific data, and (III) evaluation and commentary of these two-types of scientific literature.
Research was carried out by first analyzing the underlying process behind scientific controversies, and then examining the evidence using frame analysis of the actors involved. Results indicate: (1) in the case studies analyzed, scientific controversies proceed unresolved over a period of several years; (2) due to different modes of inquiry employed, there are often conflicting views among actors regarding the same issue; (3) the differences between these modes of inquiry are the result of differences in value and belief systems; (4) accordingly, frame analysis of scientific literature proves that conflicting evidence which sustains these scientific controversies is due to actors’ modes of inquiry.
The contribution to the STS literature of this study is as below. One is novelty of methodology by using frame analysis of contents of scientific literature, and the other is clarification of the underlying process and evidence of the scientific controversies.

2016 - The Twelfth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 150 words || 
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3. Spears, Amber. and Wendt, Stephanie. "Scientific Argumentation in the Kindergarten Classroom: Supporting Understanding of Scientific Knowledge Using Outstanding Children’s Literature" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Twelfth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 18, 2016 <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1113462_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Shifts in English/Language Arts standards for the Common Core State Standards require teachers to read more nonfiction texts, increase instruction for content-area specific subjects, and to read more complex texts. The goal of our research was to evaluate the impact of high quality nonfiction picture books on elementary children's understandings of scientific topics related to the natural world. Six high-level kindergarten students at a STEM elementary school were invited to participate in a seven-week long study where students explored scientific topics. The hands-on activities and read alouds were based on books in the Next Time You See series by Emily Morgan, published by the NSTA. Pre/post tests and interviews with each child were conducted to learn more about how each student valued science and learned more about scientific topics. Findings showed an increase in content knowledge and more positive feelings toward forming scientific explanations and communicating scientific understanding.

2017 - 4S Annual Meeting Words: 139 words || 
Info
4. Spiess, Maiko. and Mattedi, Marcos. "Scientific meetings: the territorial expression of the scientific community" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston Hotel, Boston MA, Aug 30, 2017 <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1273226_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The paper addresses the subject of scientific meetings. Scientific meetings are a sociological paradox -- they are frequently attended and seldom discussed. Considering this premise, the authors propose a reflexive approach of taking the 4S Annual Meeting as a case study. The research is based on mixed methods: a) analysis of a historical database of previous 4S meetings, considering attending authors, their institutional affiliation, origin, papers themes and keywords; b) documental analysis of the programs of previous meetings. We propose the following hypothesis: the 4S meetings were intended as an alternative to traditional, "mertonian" models of scientific communities but its practices often emulate the Matthew effect, especially when considering the geographic distribution of meetings and prizes. This analysis supports a program for "experimental reflexivity", i.e., the use of STS concepts and methods to understand the STS community itself.

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