Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: The Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC) in the United Kingdom was the first government funded body created to investigate claims of wrongful conviction, with the power to refer miscarriages of justice to the criminal division of the Court of Appeal. In other countries, such as Australia, Canada and the United States, many regard the CCRC as the optimal solution to wrongful conviction and for years, Innocence Projects in these countries called for the establishment of a CCRC style body into their own jurisdictions. However, it is now Innocence Projects which are being introduced into the United Kingdom to try to assist applicants who are innocent but convicted. This paper reviews why the CCRC was created, discusses the role of factual innocence at this body and within the criminal justice system generally and explores why Innocence Projects are being created in the United Kingdom, despite the presence of the CCRC. It explains how these different organisations may work together in assisting factually innocent people.